In 1900 legislation was enacted in Victoria for the payment of old age pensions. In 1908 legislation was enacted in Australia for the payment of invalid and old age pensions. Applications were made through the local courts and records were kept of pension claims and pension recipients. See Court Records.
Records were kept of retired public servants who were receiving pension payments. See Governments.
NATIONAL ARCHIVES OF AUSTRALIA - WORKING FOR THE DOLE: COMMONWEALTH RELIEF DURING THE GREAT DEPRESSION BY DON FRASER, 2001
This research guide documents attempts by the federal government to provide work relief for the unemployed during the Great Depression.
Many army pensioners retired to Australia; some left the army in Australia when they retired from active service. Pension records relating to British Army and Navy personnel and their dependants can be see under British Military Forces.
NATIONAL ARCHIVES OF AUSTRALIA - WAR SERVICE PENSION CASE FILES 1923-PRESENT
Pensions for British ex-servicemen and women who later became residents of Australia were administered by the Australian Government. These include merchant seamen and civilian employees attached to the Armed Forces during World War 2. The following is National Archives of Australia Fact Sheet 123.