Various people were interned during World War 1 and 2; these included prisoners of war, enemy aliens and Australians of enemy origin.
Also see Alien Records.
For Australian military service personnel who were taken prisoner see Military Service Records.
During World War 1 there was an internment camp at Langwarrin; this is now the Langwarrin Flora and Fauna Reserve. The internment camp operated from 1914 to 1915. Most of the internees were transferred to internment camps in New South Wales in 1915. Some remained until 1919 to work at the nearby venereal diseases hospital.
During World War 2 there were two internment camps operated at Tatura which operated from 1940 to 1947. There were two internment camps at Rushworth which operated from 1940 to 1946. There was an internment camp at Dhurringile near Murchison. There were also prisoner of war camps at Murchison and Myrtleford. Italy surrendered in 1943 and Italian prisoners of war were released into the Victorian community in 1944. They were housed in many transit camps around Victoria.
NATIONAL ARCHIVES OF AUSTRALIA - INTERNEE AND PRISONER OF WAR RECORDS
Internee and prisoner of war records are indexed in the catalogue of the National Archives of Australia website. Some of these have been digitized. They include photographs.
TATURA GERMAN MILITARY CEMETERY
Tatura German Military Cemetery holds the graves of German armed forces personnel and civilian internees as well as one Turkish civilian. The remains were brought from all over Australia. It is included on the Commonwealth War Graves Commission website.
Murchison Cemetery has a mausoleum that holds the remains of Italian armed forces personnel and civilian internees. They were brought from all over Australia.