See Local Government.
Local government in Victoria began in 1841 with local road boards. The road boards amalgamated into shires. There were also cities, boroughs and town councils, and municipal districts. There has been much redrawing of municipal boundaries. In 1915 the state government forced the amalgamation of municipal entities whose rate base was too low. In 1994 the state government forced the amalgamation of many municipal entities.
In Victoria aldermen and councillors are elected in municipal elections. Mayors are usually elected by the aldermen and councillors though in recent times mayors have been directly elected in Melbourne and Geelong.
Mayors, aldermen and councillors may be found in Victorian Municipal Directories. See under Local Government.