See Mines under Natural Resources.
From 1855 a miners' right is required before a mining claim could be occupied and mining operations undertaken. Historically these also gave the right to occupy a quarter acre of Crown land for a residence. Miner's rights needed to be renewed annually. In 1858 holders of miner's rights were also given the right to operate a business on Crown land (such as a shop or hotel), the right to fell timber on claims and the right to build races and dams on Crown lands for mining purposes. Miners' rights were obtainable from the local court. See Court Records. Various records relating to miners' rights are also held by Public Record Office Victoria. They are not online.
If the land held under miner's right was purchased, the miner's right needed to be surrendered and may be found in land occupation and selection records. See Land Records.
Records were kept of mining claims. These are held by Public Record Office Victoria. They are not online.
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY OF VICTORIA GENEALOGICAL INDEX OF NAMES - MINERS IN THE BOOK "MEMORIES OF STANLEY MORNING".
List of names of many of the miners who worked on the Stanley and Hurdle Flat goldfields between the period of late 1855 to 1868. The names were extracted from the Mining Claims registers, held at the Archives of the Burke Museum, Beechworth.
Records were kept of mining leases. These are held by Public Record Office Victoria. They are not online. They were also advertised in newspapers. See Newspapers, Magazines and Journals.
STATE LIBRARY OF VICTORIA - MINING LEASE APPLICATION PLANS
These may be accessed by surname or place through the catalogue.
Records were kept of water right licenses. These are held by Public Record Office Victoria. They are not online.
Lists of miners who contributed to local hospitals and asylums may be found in local newspapers. These sometimes include employers. See Newspapers, Magazines and Journals.
FAMILYSEARCH - ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO GENEALOGICAL MATERIALS OF THE SMYTHESDALE AND SCARSDALE AREAS OF VICTORIA
Includes Index to Miners Rights, Smythesdale, 1859, Mining Registers, Smythesdale 1860-1864. Cards housed at the Woady Yallock Historical Society, Ballarat.
VICTORIAN PARLIAMENTARY PAPERS DATABASE - MINES DEPARTMENT REPORTS AND PAPERS
These include statistical information, mining returns, number of people employed and general information on various mines. Other reports include enquiries into the discovery of gold and other earth resources before rewards are paid. See Parliaments.
From the late 1850s to 1871 registers of mining companies may be seen in local Court of Mines records. See Court Records.
PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE VICTORIA - MINING COMPANIES 1850S-1978 (VPRS 567)
Public Record Office Victoria has a register of mining companies up to 1978. They also have registration files for mining companies up to 1978. These are not online. Mining companies ceased to be separately registered in 1958. Any files which were still in existence at this time continued to operate under their mining company number. Any new registrations after this date were included in the trading company registration sequence. In 1978 any mining company still operating with a pre-1958 mining company registration number was re-numbered and incorporated into the trading company registration sequence. See Business Records.
Shareholdings in mining companies were advertised in government gazettes and newspapers. In smaller mining companies many or all of the shareholders actually worked for the company. See Government Gazettes. Also see Newspapers, Magazines and Journals.
PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE VICTORIA - EUREKA STOCKADE REBELLION 1854-1855 (VPRS 5527)
The Eureka Rebellion was a rebellion in 1854, instigated by gold miners in Ballarat, who revolted against the colonial authority of the United Kingdom. It culminated in the Battle of the Eureka Stockade, which was fought between miners and the colonial forces of Victoria on 3 December 1854 at Eureka Lead and named for the stockade structure built by miners during the conflict. The rebellion resulted in the deaths of at least 27 people, the majority of whom were rebels.
This series consists primarily of records gathered as part of the Criminal Trial Briefs relating to various incidents in Ballarat in 1854 that culminated in the Eureka Stockade rebellion. Criminal trial papers relate to five main trials - the murder of James Scobie, the riot and burning down of Bentley's Hotel, the breach of the peace (riot), the Robbery of the Bank of Victoria at Ballarat, and the treason trials (which related directly to the Eureka Stockade incident). Other papers include some weekly reports to the Commissioner of the Gold Fields for the week ending 02/12/1854, the miners' petition to Governor Hotham regarding the mishandling of the James Scobie affair, and correspondence from the Police Department, Inspector's Office at Ballarat to the acting Chief Commissioner of Police relating to Eureka.
ANCESTRY - WONTHAGGI, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA, EMPLOYEE RECORDS, 1909-1969
These are employee registers for the State Coal Mine. This operated as a state-owned black coal mine and employed persons in Wonthaggi, Victoria, Australia from 1909 to 1969.