Victorian Genealogy

Finding People and Places in Victoria, Australia.

 


Miners

 

See Mines.

For bravery awards see Honours and Awards.

 

MINERS

 

VICTORIAN PARLIAMENTARY PAPERS DATABASE - MINES DEPARTMENT REPORTS AND PAPERS

These include statistical information, mining returns, number of people employed and general information on various mines. Other reports include enquiries into the discovery of gold and other earth resources before rewards are paid. See under Victorian Parliament.

 

FAMILYSEARCH - INDEX TO APPLICATIONS FOR MINING DEVELOPMENT ACT LOANS 1896-1930 (VPRS 6979 P1 VOLUMES 1, 2, 3)

Original records at Public Record Office Victoria.

https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/3665734?availability=Family%20History%20Library

 

MINERS' RIGHTS

From 1855 a miners' right is required before a mining claim could be occupied and mining operations undertaken. Historically these also gave the right to occupy a quarter acre of Crown land for a residence. Miner's rights needed to be renewed annually. In 1858 holders of miner's rights were also given the right to operate a business on Crown land (such as a shop or hotel), the right to fell timber on claims and the right to build races and dams on Crown lands for mining purposes. Miners' rights were obtainable from the local court. See Court Records. Various records relating to miners' rights are also held by Public Record Office Victoria. They are not online.

If the land held under miner's right was purchased, the miner's right needed to be surrendered and may be found in land occupation and selection records. See Land Selection and Occupation Records.

 

BALLARAT AND DISTRICT GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY - MINERS RIGHTS 1871-1914

Unit 1: Applications for Residence and Business Areas 1871-1872, 1881, 1897. Unit 2: Liens on Residence Areas 1913-1914. Unit 3: Forms of Transfer Residence Areas 1898-1899 Certificate of Applications for Claims 1881-1882.

https://www.ballaratgenealogy.org.au/resources

 

FAMILYSEARCH - ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO GENEALOGICAL MATERIALS OF THE SMYTHESDALE AND SCARSDALE AREAS OF VICTORIA

This includes mining registers (shareholders in mines) in Smythesdale from 1860 to 1864 (miners' right numbers and dates taken out are included). Cards were housed at the Woady Yallock Historical Society, Ballarat.

https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/538139?availability=Family%20History%20Library

 

MINING CLAIMS

Records were kept of mining claims. These are held by Public Record Office Victoria. They are not online.

 

BALLARAT AND DISTRICT GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY - MINERS RIGHTS 1871-1914

Unit 1: Applications for Residence and Business Areas 1871-1872, 1881, 1897. Unit 2: Liens on Residence Areas 1913-1914. Unit 3: Forms of Transfer Residence Areas 1898-1899 Certificate of Applications for Claims 1881-1882.

https://www.ballaratgenealogy.org.au/resources

 

BENDIGO FAMILY HISTORY GROUP - INDEX TO REGISTER OF CLAIMS AND SHARES IN THE SANDHURST MINING DISTRICT 1863-1975 (INTERNET ARCHIVE WAYBACK MACHINE)

Sandhurst is the former name of Bendigo. This snapshot is dated 6 May 2021.

https://web.archive.org/web/20210506150322/https://www.bendigofamilyhistory.org/freeindexsearch.htm

 

GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY OF VICTORIA GENEALOGICAL INDEX OF NAMES - MINERS IN THE BOOK "MEMORIES OF STANLEY MORNING".

This includes the names of many of the miners who worked on the Stanley and Hurdle Flat goldfields between the period of late 1855 to 1868. The names were extracted from the Mining Claims registers, held at the Archives of the Burke Museum, Beechworth.

https://www.gsv.org.au/article/our-collection

 

MINING LEASES

Records were kept of mining leases. These are held by Public Record Office Victoria. They are not online. They were also advertised in newspapers. See Newspapers, Magazines and Journals.

 

STATE LIBRARY OF VICTORIA - MINING LEASE APPLICATION PLANS

This collection of close to 600 mining maps is thought to have been produced by the Victorian mines department. They are dated around 1870-1890 and cover the subdivisions of Gordon, Creswick and Ballarat, along with some maps of Bendigo. They may be accessed by surname or place through the catalogue.

www.slv.vic.gov.au

 

MINERAL LEASES

These are searchable on computer at Public Record Office Victoria.

 

WATER RIGHT LICENCES

Records were kept of water right licenses. These are held by Public Record Office Victoria. They are not online.

 

COURTS

Mining disputes were adjudicated in the Court of Mines which may also be reported in newspapers. See Courts. Also see Newspapers, Magazines and Journals.

 
EUREKA REBELLION

 

PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE VICTORIA - EUREKA STOCKADE REBELLION 1854-1855 (VPRS 5527)

The Eureka Rebellion was a rebellion in 1854, instigated by gold miners in Ballarat, who revolted against the colonial authority of the United Kingdom. It culminated in the Battle of the Eureka Stockade, which was fought between miners and the colonial forces of Victoria on 3 December 1854 at Eureka Lead and named for the stockade structure built by miners during the conflict. The rebellion resulted in the deaths of at least 27 people, the majority of whom were rebels.

This series consists primarily of records gathered as part of the criminal trial briefs relating to various incidents in Ballarat in 1854 that culminated in the Eureka Stockade rebellion. Criminal trial papers relate to five main trials - the murder of James Scobie, the riot and burning down of Bentley's Hotel, the breach of the peace (riot), the robbery of the Bank of Victoria at Ballarat, and the treason trials (which related directly to the Eureka Stockade incident). Other papers include some weekly reports to the Commissioner of the Gold Fields for the week ending 2 December 1854, the miners' petition to Governor Hotham regarding the mishandling of the James Scobie affair, and correspondence from the Police Department, Inspector's Office at Ballarat to the acting Chief Commissioner of Police relating to Eureka.

https://prov.vic.gov.au/archive/VPRS5527

 

PETITIONS

 

TROVE - THE 1853 BENDIGO GOLDFIELDS PETITION

The petition articulated the gold diggers' grievances and made a number of demands, including a reduced licence fee, improved law and order, the right to vote and the right to buy land. The petition was signed by diggers at Bendigo, Ballarat, Castlemaine, McIvor (Heathcote), Mount Alexander (Stawell) and other diggings. Those from Heathcote were lost in a gold escort robbery.

https://webarchive.nla.gov.au/awa/20040511051513/http://www.statelibrary.vic.gov.au/slv/exhibitions/goldfields/petition/pet_name.htm

 

BENDIGO FAMILY HISTORY GROUP - MINERS AND PUDDLERS PETITION 1857 (INTERNET ARCHIVE WAYBACK MACHINE)

In 1857 McCrae Street between Baxter Street and Plumridge Street was not open to traffic because all the land on the east side of the Bendigo Creek was being dug over by the miners in their search for gold. But the street had been marked out on paper and blocks of land sold. The landowners wanted the road formally gazetted and opened and the puddlers and miners were not satisfied that they had found all the gold there and petitioned for more time or compensation. Source: PROV VPRS 242 P Unit 40. This snapshot is dated 6 May 2021.

https://web.archive.org/web/20210506150322/https://www.bendigofamilyhistory.org/freeindexsearch.htm

 

MINING COMPANIES

From the late 1850s to 1871 registers of mining companies may be seen in local Court of Mines records. See Court Records.

 

PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE VICTORIA - MINING COMPANIES 1850s-1978 (VPRS 567)

Public Record Office Victoria has a register of mining companies up to 1978. They also have registration files for mining companies up to 1978. These are not online. Mining companies ceased to be separately registered in 1958. Any files which were still in existence at this time continued to operate under their mining company number. Any new registrations after this date were included in the trading company registration sequence. In 1978 any mining company still operating with a pre-1958 mining company registration number was re-numbered and incorporated into the trading company registration sequence. See Company Records.

 

BENDIGO FAMILY HISTORY GROUP - GOLD MINES AND MINE MANAGERS 1872 (INTERNET ARCHIVE WAYBACK MACHINE)

In 1872 John Macartney published his book "Bendigo Goldfield  Registry". The list of mines as published therein has been transcribed with the names of the mine managers. A second list is for the tribute companies. Mine managers often rented out on tribute various areas of the mine for a group of miners to work for themselves, paying a "royalty" to the owners. This snapshot is dated 6 May 2021.

https://web.archive.org/web/20210506150322/https://www.bendigofamilyhistory.org/freeindexsearch.htm

 

FAMILYSEARCH - INDEX TO APPLICATIONS FOR MINING DEVELOPMENT ACT LOANS 1896-1930 (VPRS 6979 P1 VOLUMES 1, 2, 3)

Original records at Public Record Office Victoria.

https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/3665734?availability=Family%20History%20Library

 

SHAREHOLDINGS IN MINING COMPANIES

Shareholdings in mining companies were advertised in government gazettes and newspapers. In smaller mining companies many or all of the shareholders actually worked for the company. See Government Gazettes. Also see Newspapers, Magazines and Journals.

 

FAMILYSEARCH - ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO GENEALOGICAL MATERIALS OF THE SMYTHESDALE AND SCARSDALE AREAS OF VICTORIA

This includes mining registers (shareholders in mining companies) in Smythesdale from 1860 to 1864 (miners right numbers and dates taken out are included). Cards were housed at the Woady Yallock Historical Society, Ballarat.

https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/538139?availability=Family%20History%20Library

 

BENDIGO FAMILY HISTORY GROUP - INDEX TO REGISTER OF CLAIMS AND SHARES IN THE SANDHURST MINING DISTRICT 1863-1975 (INTERNET ARCHIVE WAYBACK MACHINE)

Sandhurst is the former name of Bendigo. This snapshot is dated 6 May 2021.

https://web.archive.org/web/20210506150322/https://www.bendigofamilyhistory.org/freeindexsearch.htm

 

COAL MINERS


ANCESTRY - WONTHAGGI, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA, EMPLOYEE RECORDS, 1909-1969

These are employee registers for the State Coal Mine. This operated as a state-owned black coal mine and employed persons in Wonthaggi, Victoria, Australia from 1909 to 1969.

https://search.ancestry.com.au/search/db.aspx?dbid=60713

 

MINING ACCIDENTS

See Hospitals.

Also see Benevolent Asylums.

 

BALLARAT AND DISTRICT GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY - VICTORIAN MINING ACCIDENT INDEX

https://www.ballaratgenealogy.org.au/resources

 

NEWSPAPERS

Lists of miners who contributed to local hospitals and asylums may be found in local newspapers. These sometimes include employers. See Newspapers, Magazines and Journals.

Mining accidents are likely to be reported in newspapers. See Newspapers, Magazines and Journals.

 

MINING DEATHS

Also see Inquests and Coronial Inquiries.

 

BALLARAT AND DISTRICT GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY - VICTORIAN MINING ACCIDENT INDEX

https://www.ballaratgenealogy.org.au/resources

 

BALLARAT AND DISTRICT GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY - MINERS KILLED 1874-1885

https://www.ballaratgenealogy.org.au/resources

 

BENDIGO FAMILY HISTORY GROUP - BENDIGO'S LOST MINERS (INTERNET ARCHIVE WAYBACK MACHINE)

Between 1852 and 2002 over 820 mining fatalities occurred in Bendigo. This is a list of the miners accidently killed in the mines with death dates, who are featured in the book "Bendigo's Lost Miners". This snapshot is dated 6 May 2021.

https://web.archive.org/web/20210506150322/https://www.bendigofamilyhistory.org/freeindexsearch.htm

 

NEWSPAPERS

Mining deaths are likely to be reported in newspapers. See Newspapers, Magazines and Journals.

 

 

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